Mattias Goldman, Fores institute, gave a fun and inspirational start to day 3 of the Jokkmokk winter conference. If we want to solve the climate problem we have to work with transport, says Mattias. A warmer climate will affect the north of Sweden in many ways, however, fear of loosing something is not effective for a change of peoples behaviour. People move from denial to despair and we need to find the active drivers that will make people act/react. According to Mattias, we thus may have to change the way we communicate sustainability. One of Sweden’s climate goals is fossil-independent transport fleet year 2030. But was does fossil independent mean? Mattias recommends us to read the government report FFF-utredningen.
Sharing good experiences from around the world is important – “We can do it if they can do it” is a very good argument, says Mattias. Sharing good practices is one of the main aims of the JWC. Kenneth Gyllensting from the Swedish Eco-Municipalities shared good examples from around Sweden. The Eco-municipality concept in Sweden started in Övertorneå in 1983 and in 1995 Secom was formed. Today there are 290 Eco-municipalities in Sweden, and the concept is spreading to countries around the world.
Embassies from arctic countries have been represented at the JWC every year. Today diplomats Michael Sullivan (US), Patrick Hébert (Canada) and Frode Solberg (Norway) gave their countries’ views on transport and mobility in the circumpolar North. All three countries seem to have a plan; Anna Hövenmark concluded half-way. However, it was less clear if the plan was to completely move away from fossil fuel. According to Sullivan, there is not one perfect solution, instead there will be an energy mix including fossil. Solberg says they are looking forward to be fossil-independent, but it won’t happen tomorrow. We are making progress, look at where we were 10 year ago and where we are today, says Hébert.
On the questions if it is necessary take up the oil in the arctic, the panel seemed to think so. They all agreed it has to be done sustainably with best technology. There is no priority between economy and environment. It is a political question! We all have a responsibility, Sullivan concludes.
Jokkmokk municipality’s work on energy efficiency involves Energy Performance Contracting. EPC is a public private partnership where the company (in this case Schneider) guarantees the client energy efficiency whilst ensuring technical functionality of facilities. Jokkmokk municipality is showing good results in the project so far, thus freeing up resources for maintenance, representatives for the municipality and Schneider informed us.
Biofuel vs electricity in the transport sector was debated by Ari Lampinen (Finish biogas association) and Karl Bergman (Vattenfall) with Mattias Goldman as a moderator. The pros and cons of bio-fuel and as well as electricity are plentiful and by the end of the discussion the audience’s vote went to a mixture of both, i.e. we need both in roughly equal amounts.
The day is ending with round-table discussion before inauguration of the Winter market.